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Hydrodynamics in Holocene Lake Mega-Chad

Abstract : Holocene Lake Mega-Chad (LMC) was the largest late Quaternary water-body in Africa. The development of this giant paleo-lake is related to a northward shift of the isohyetes interpreted as evidence for an enhanced Monsoon (African Humid Period). Numerous preserved coastal features have been described all around the LMC shore. Such features reveal the main paleo-hydrodynamical tendencies. In the context of a closed water-body like LMC, hydrodynamics are forced mainly by winds. We use a three-dimensional numerical model (SYMPHONIE) to simulate the mean hydrodynamics in LMC under both Harmattan-like (northeasterly trade winds) and Monsoon-like (southwesterly winds) forcings. The northern part of LMC displays coastal features, such as sand spits, that are consistent with the simulations forced by Harmattan-like winds. Geomorphic features related to Monsoon-driven hydrodynamics are not clearly expressed. They could have developed during the early stage of LMC but subsequently reworked. At the time of sand-spit building, Harmattan-like driven hydrodynamics prevailed and related coastal features were preferentially preserved in the sedimentary record.
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Frederic Bouchette, Mathieu Schuster, Jean-Francois Ghienne, Clea Denamiel, Claude Roquin, et al.. Hydrodynamics in Holocene Lake Mega-Chad. Quaternary Research, Elsevier, 2010, 73 (2), pp.226-236. ⟨10.1016/j.yqres.2009.10.010⟩. ⟨hal-00475633⟩

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