The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes - Université des Antilles Access content directly
Journal Articles Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise Year : 2001

The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the cycle-run and run-cycle successions of the triathlon and duathlon, respectively, on respiratory muscle strength and endurance. Methods: Respiratory muscle strength was assessed by measuring maximal inspiratory (P(Imax)) and expiratory (P(Emax)) pressures. Respiratory muscle endurance was assessed by measuring the time limit (T(lim)). Twelve triathletes participated in a three-trial protocol. The first trial consisted of an incremental cycle test to assess the maximal oxygen uptake (.VO(2max)) of triathletes. Trial 2 consisted of 20 min of cycling followed by 20 min of running (C-R), and trial 3 consisted of 20 min of running followed by 20 min of cycling (R-C). Trials 2 and 3 were performed at the same metabolic intensity (%.VO(2max)). P(Imax) and P(Emax) were measured before and 10 min after C-R and R-C, and 1 min after the post-C-R and post-R-C T(lim) measurements (P(Imax) 1'). T(lim) was measured 1 d before and 30 min after C-R and R-C. Results: The results showed a significant decrease in P(Imax) after C-R (126.7 +/- 4.3 cmH(2)O, P < 0.05) and R-C (123.7 +/- 4.9 cmH(2)O, P < 0.05) compared with the baseline values (130 +/- 3.8 and 129.6 +/- 4.3 cmH(2)O, respectively). P(Imax) 1' showed a significantly greater decrease after R-C versus C-R (111.2 +/- 5.5 cmH(2)O vs 121.2 +/- 3.9 cmH(2O), respectively, P < 0.001). Tlim after C-R (3.3 +/- 0.3 min) and R-C (2.1 +/- 0.3 min) decreased significantly compared with baseline values (4.19 +/- 0.3 min and 4.02 +/- 0.3 min, respectively). However, the Tlim decrease after R-C was significantly greater than after C-R (P < 0.001). Conclusion: We concluded that respiratory muscle strength and endurance were less decreased after the cycle-run succession and that cycling induced a greater decrease in respiratory muscle endurance than running.
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hal-00720796 , version 1 (30-05-2022)

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Alain Boussana, Stefan Matecki, Olivier Galy, Olivier Hue, Michèle Ramonatxo, et al.. The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2001, 33 (12), pp.2036-2043. ⟨10.1097/00005768-200112000-00010⟩. ⟨hal-00720796⟩
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