The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes

Abstract : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the cycle-run and run-cycle successions of the triathlon and duathlon, respectively, on respiratory muscle strength and endurance. Methods: Respiratory muscle strength was assessed by measuring maximal inspiratory (P1max) and expiratory {PEmax) pressures. Respiratory muscle endurance was assessed by measuring the time limit (Tlim). Twelve triathleles participated in a three-trial protocol. The first trial consisted of an incremental cycle test to assess the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) of triathletes. Trial 2 consisted of 20 min of cycling followed by 20 min of running (C-R), and trial 3 consisted of 20 min of running followed by 20 min of cycling (R-C). Trials 2 and 3 were performed at the same metabolic intensity (% VO2max). P1max and P1max were measured before and 10 min after C-R and R-C, and I min after the post-C-R and post-R-C Tlim measurements (P1max l'). Tlim was measured I d before and 30 min after C-R and R-C. Results: The results showed a significant decrease in P1max after C-R (126.7 ± 4.3 cmH2O, P < 0.05) and R-C (123.7 ± 4.9 cmH2O, P < 0.05) compared with the baseline values (130 ± 3.8 and 129.6 ± 4.3 cmH2O, respectively). P1max 1' showed a significantly greater decrease after R-C versus C-R(111.2 ± 5.5 cmH2O vs 121.2 ± 3.9 cmH2O,respectively, P < 0.001). Tlim after C-R (3.3 ± 0.3 min) decreased significantly compared with baseline values (4.19 ± 0.3min and 4.02 ± 0.3 min, respectively). However, the Tlim decrease after R-C was significantly greater than after C-R (P < 0.001). Conclusion: We concluded that respiratory muscle strength and endurance were less decreased after the cycle-run succession and that cycling induced a greater decrease in respiratory muscle endurance than running.
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Daniel Le Gallais, Alain Boussana, Stefan Matecki, Olivier Galy, Olivier Hue, et al.. The effect of exercise modality on respiratory muscle performance in triathletes. Medicine & Science in Sports & exercise, ACSM, 2001, 33 (12), pp.2036-2043. ⟨hal-00720796⟩



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