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Sargassum polyceratium (Phaeophyceae, Fucaceae) surface molecule activity towards fouling organisms and embryonic development of benthic species

Abstract : Coral reefs have undergone profound ecological changes over recent decades. Areas formerly covered by scleractinian coral species are now often overgrown by macroalgae. In Martinique (West Indies), this phenomenon has lead to the colonisation of numerous coral reefs by algae, amongst which Sargassum is one of the most prominent. This study focuses on potential defence molecules produced by Sargassum polyceratium. The hexane dipping method was employed to extract surface molecules on fresh material, and their bioactivities were assessed against bacteria (marine and estuarine), and marine tropical invertebrates wan annelid (Pseudonereis sp.), a bivalve (Codakia orbicularis) and a sea urchin (Diadema antillarum)x. Extracts were active against all microorganisms tested (MICs150 or 300 mg ml-1), early stages of development in Pseudonereis sp. (MICs100 mg ml-1) and embryos of C. orbicularis and D. antillarum (MICs5 mg ml-1), suggesting the production of defence compounds by S. polyceratium.
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Marie Thabard, Olivier Gros, Claire Hellio, Jean-Philippe Maréchal. Sargassum polyceratium (Phaeophyceae, Fucaceae) surface molecule activity towards fouling organisms and embryonic development of benthic species. Botanica Marina, De Gruyter, 2011, 54 (2), pp.147-157. ⟨10.1515/BOT.2011.014⟩. ⟨hal-00746082⟩

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