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De la nasse au filet : Stratégies halieutiques et modernisation dans le Rufiji (Tanzanie)

Abstract : For over a century, the complementary nature of fishing and farming activities in the floodplain of the Rufiji River (Tanzania) has formed the basis of the economy in its villages. Starting in the 1970s, the fishery evolved from a seasonal activity practiced on foot during flooding and using traditional traps to year-round dugout canoe operated lake fisheries using nets. The paper analyses the drivers of this change. After having rejected the simplistic technocratic hypothesis that technical innovation equals progress, the paper examines the relevance of the productivity of the different fishing techniques in the light of the evolution of the role of fisheries in the village economy. During the change-over period, the national and international economy deprives the villages of their main habitual sources of cash income. In the absence of any alternative, fisheries imposed themselves as the unique source of cash income, a function they can only fulfil if practiced year-round and this can only be achieved using canoes and nets. However, the perception of the causes of these changes in the villages is differentiated. For those who initiated the change-over, and who are now of an advanced age, the main driver of the transition to nets was the empowerment of the youth versus the elders. Such an interpretation resonates well with the economic determinants. However, it requires considering the modernisation process as a contextualised multi-sided expression of market globalisation.
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Jean-Luc Paul, Olivier Hamerlynck, Stéphanie Duvail, Kassim Kindinda. De la nasse au filet : Stratégies halieutiques et modernisation dans le Rufiji (Tanzanie). Techniques et culture, Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l'homme 2015, Pâturages, 63 (1), pp.234-257. ⟨hal-01344410⟩

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