Aux origines du réalisme magique et du réel merveilleux: la fécondité oubliée du vénézuélien Enrique Bernardo Nunez

Abstract : Rómulo Gallegos published Doña Bárbara in 1929 and Arturo Uslar Pietri Las lanzas coloradas in 1930. Between those two sacred monsters of Venezuelan literature and those two major works of Hispanic-American literature, an author was overlooked – Enrique Bernardo Núñez – and a key work, a crucible (crisol) for new narrative forms in South America before the boom: Cubagua, published in 1931 (but already completed in 1930). While it is customary to present Arturo Uslar Pietri as the « father » of magical realism, this study will show that Enrique Bernardo Núñez was a pioneer interested in the gaps of the History of peoples « without records » of the Caribbean, who proposed a form of writing and rewriting that questioned euro-centered models while also going beyond traditional treatments of time and space. A particular episode of metamorphosis, which was « taken up» in a way in Alejo Carpentier’s El reino de este mundo, will be especially focused upon.
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https://hal.univ-antilles.fr/hal-02044719
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Cécile Bertin-Elisabeth. Aux origines du réalisme magique et du réel merveilleux: la fécondité oubliée du vénézuélien Enrique Bernardo Nunez. Archipélies, Université des Antilles CRILLASH, 2018, ⟨https://www.archipelies.org/106⟩. ⟨hal-02044719⟩

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