D. Bogle, . Toms, . Coons, M. Mulattoes, and B. , An Interpretative History of Blacks in American Films, 1989.

O. Cazenave, Femmes rebelles naissance d'un nouveau roman africain au féminin. Paris, L'Harmattan, 1996.

C. Hill and P. , « Images de la femme noire dans l, Amérique contemporaine ». Revues.org, vol.8, issue.2, 2011.

K. Crenshaw and O. Bonis, Cartographies des marges : intersectionnalité, politique de l'identité et violences contre les femmes de couleur, Cahiers du genre, vol.39, pp.51-82, 2005.

M. Diawara, . Black-american, and . Cinema, , 1993.

M. Harris-perry, Sister Citizen Shame, Stereotypes and Black Women in America, Black Looks: Race and Representation, 1992.

J. Jones, The Contruction of Black Sexuality: Towards Normalizing the Black Cinematic Experience, Black American Cinema, 1993.

N. Manatu, African American Women and Sexuality in the Cinema, 2003.

, African American women are structurally positioned to experience shame more frequently than others. As a group they possess a number of stigmatized identities and life circumstances : they are more likely to be poor, to be unmarried, to parent children alone, to be overweight, to be pysically ill, and to be undereducated and unemployed"? "they are aware that others see them through a distorted lens that renders tem socially unacceptable, p.71, 2011.

, 42% of black women have never been married, this is the story of one of them, not meant to represent all black women

, Extrait Saison, vol.2

, Extrait Saison, vol.2

, Citation originale : « she fucks a lot true, but I see it as a form of power?

C. Hill and P. , Images de la femme noire dans l'Amérique contemporaine, 2011.

M. Harris-perry and . Cit,

M. Harris-perry and . Cit, , pp.19-20

, asking ourselves questions about what types of images subvert, pose critical alternatives, and transform our worldviews and move us away from dualistic thinking about good and bad. Making a space for the transgressive image, the outlaw rebel vision, is essential to any effort to create a context for transformation. And even then little progress is made if we transform images without shifting paradigms, changing perspectives, ways of looking » dans hooks, bell. Black Looks: Race and Representation, Traduit par nos soins. Citation originale : « It is about transforming the image, creating alternatives, p.5, 1992.