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Retour sur une langue dominée : la nouvelle reconnaissance du Créole dans la formation des enseignants aux Antilles françaises

Abstract : The decision to create a Creole Teaching License (CAPES) in French West Indies Teacher Education for the academic year 2001-2002 confirmed the evolution aiming at giving back to Creole the status of a language to be learned, fully asserting its identity and legitimacy. Teacher education moves toward another definition of French and Creole relations. Recent sociolinguistic research as well as ecolinguistic ones show that the West Indian child is brought up today, not within a sole mother tongue, but within two mother tongues: Creole and French. How to write and create between two languages and two cultures? In the 1980s, the new West Indian literature (J.Bernabé, P. Chamoiseau, R. Confiant, E. Glissant, H. Poullet, V. Placody, M. Condé, etc.) happily and succefully dealt with this thorny topic. What are the pragmatic decisions to be taken for a diglossia which is not any longer in conflict against a dominant French, but is rather becoming a synthesis between two genuine languages? If French is used for utility, economics and information, Creole in the West Indies is used for expression, emotion and communication. How do the West Indian teachers, trained within a French teaching discipline, adapt their work to their pupils’ “creolophone” cultural reality? With so many identity stakes, how to promote culture, language, music and dance? Teacher education must plunge into Creolity, made up with love and conflict, pride and complexes lived by the natives. It has to be definitely based, not on an identity-root-territory, but on a mixed identity made up with bounds, relations and interactions constituting therefore, the West Indians Guyanese’ story. To understand the Creole question in education area, we absolutely need to understand the social, anthropological, political and cultural context of French West-Indies. This will be the principle part of our paper.
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Christian Alin. Retour sur une langue dominée : la nouvelle reconnaissance du Créole dans la formation des enseignants aux Antilles françaises. Contextes et Didactiques, Université des Antilles/ESPE, 2008. ⟨hal-02047036⟩



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