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Reptiles in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) are a reservoir of major human Salmonella enterica serovars

Abstract : A retrospective study was conducted to identify the risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica bacteremia in infants and children in Guadeloupe. The 171 patients with S. S. enterica infection seen between 2010 and 2014 included 155 (90.6%) with acute gastroenteritis, of whom 42 (27.1%) had concomitant bacteremia, and 16 (9.4%) with primary bacteremia. The most common Salmonella serovars were Panama (N = 57, 33.3% of isolates) and Arechavaleta (N = 28, 16.4%). Infection with the previous serovars was significantly associated with bacteremia in a multivariate analysis. A delay between onset of symptoms and hospital admission > 5 days (P = 0.01), vomiting (P = 0.001), and increased respiratory rate (P = 0.001) contributed independently to bacteremia in the multivariate analysis. Thus, if nontyphoidal infection is suspected, blood should be cultured and antibiotic treatment initiated in all all patients who meet these criteria.
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https://hal.univ-antilles.fr/hal-02425804
Contributor : Olivier Gros <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 31, 2019 - 1:30:45 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 4:48:08 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02425804, version 1

Citation

Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, F.X. Weill, Simon Le Hello, Sylvaine Bastian, Franck Berger, et al.. Reptiles in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) are a reservoir of major human Salmonella enterica serovars. Caribbean Science and Innovation Meeting 2019, Oct 2019, Pointe-à-Pitre (Guadeloupe), France. ⟨hal-02425804⟩

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