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Conference Poster Year : 2019

Contribution to the formulation of green lubrificants using local biomass


Friction and wear are the first causes of the decrease of the performances and the durability in mechanical systems. The role of lubrication is to minimize friction between the sliding surfaces to protect them from wear. Conventional liquid lubricants are constituted of a base oil and solid additives particles presenting specific properties, such as friction reduction and antiwear performances. The role of friction reducers is to ensure the lubricating performances in boundary lubrication regime. Commercial lubricants generally use graphite and petroleum-based oils because of their recognized lubricating properties, their stability and low cost. However, such lubricants induce health and environmental hazards due to their life cycle. The aim of this work is to investigate the possibility to use local biomass in order to produce environmentally-friendly lubricants. Local vegetable oils are interesting candidates because of their inherent qualities like renewability, bio-degradability, non-toxicity. This work shows that such natural oils present better friction performances than petroleum-based ones. Then considering friction reduction additives, the tribological behaviour of activated carbons synthetized from biomass is evaluated and special attention is paid to the role of the carbon structure, in terms of morphology, size, porosity of the carbon particles on the friction properties of the additives. The tested activated carbons are obtained from either terrestrial (sugar cane bagasse, banana tree, etc.) or alga (sargassum alga) precursors. Very good friction performances are observed by selecting the adequate precursor and tunning the activation experimental conditions. Finally, the determination of the tribological properties of activated carbons/natural oils mixtures results in the first formulation step of our lubricant made from local biomass.


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Dates and versions

hal-02579775 , version 1 (14-05-2020)


  • HAL Id : hal-02579775 , version 1


P. Thomas, Yoan Debaud, Nadiège Nomède-Martyr, Sarra Gaspard, C. Yacou, et al.. Contribution to the formulation of green lubrificants using local biomass. Caribbean Science and Innovation Meeting 2019, Oct 2019, Pointe-à-Pitre (Guadeloupe), France. ⟨hal-02579775⟩
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