The lack of screening is the leading factor associated with the misperception of overweight in an adult population of the French West Indies - Université des Antilles Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2012

The lack of screening is the leading factor associated with the misperception of overweight in an adult population of the French West Indies

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Several studies demonstrate that the perception of overweight is associated with attempts at weight control in overweight subjects. Our objective is to describe the factors associated with the perception of overweight in an adult Caribbean population, and in particular, to assess the relationship between the perception of overweight and previous medical diagnosis of overweight. METHOD AND DESIGN: Consant was a cross-sectional study carried out in 2007 on a representative sample of the adult Guadeloupean population. Included were 1,005 subjects aged 25-74 years, drawn from stratified random sampling, and interviewed at home. The perception of overweight was evaluated by the question: "Do you consider yourself to be overweight?" with a binary response. RESULTS: Among overweight subjects (Body Mass Index ≥ 25 kg/m2, n = 576), 38.6% provided an incorrect assessment of their weight status. This proportion falls to 17.4% in those who stated to have previously received a medical diagnosis of overweight. However, only 48.8% of overweight subjects stated to have received such a diagnosis. A logistic regression shows that the underestimation of weight status is associated with the absence of previous diagnosis for overweight (OR: 5.35 - p < 10-3), as well as an age greater than or equal to 55 years (OR: 2.91 - p < 10-3), a BMI of less than 30 kg/m² (OR: 2.26 - p: 0.001), the male sex (OR: 1.86 - p: 0.004), and a low income level (OR: 1.62 - p: 0.030), but not a lack of awareness regarding the role of weight control in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Similar results are observed if waist circumference is taken as a factor instead of BMI. CONCLUSION: In this population, the lack of medical diagnosis of overweight was the leading factor associated with misperception of overweight. Screening for overweight therefore appears to be one of the preconditions to weight management, and remains a fundamental but often unused element in the fight against obesity.
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Dates and versions

hal-00739785 , version 1 (09-10-2012)

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  • HAL Id : hal-00739785 , version 1

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Philippe Carrère, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Thierry Lang, André Atallah, Jocelyn Inamo. The lack of screening is the leading factor associated with the misperception of overweight in an adult population of the French West Indies. 2012. ⟨hal-00739785⟩
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