Les premières occupations agricoles de l'arc antillais, migration et insularité : Le cas de l'occupation saladoïde ancienne de la Martinique

Abstract : The first formative occupation of the West Indies was by continental populations, moving up from their place of origin in the Orinoco Basin, shortly before our era. In Martinique these groups, attached to the cedrosan saladoid sub-series, have been well studied and for a considerable time. It is upon this work that we have attempted to build an overall analysis of this phase of the prehistory of the Islands. The research drew upon the results of unpublished field work. This led to a more precise understanding of the nature and constitution of these archeological strata and, in turn, of the organisation of the Amerindian villages and their management of the island space. A review of their artisanal production ( ceramics, stone tools, personal adornment) has given us a closer understanding of these populations. It also provides the basis for a future paleo-ethnographic study. Further, an analysis of the origin of the lithic materials has enabled us to place the ancient saladoid occupation of Martinique both in the geography of the West Indian Arc and in the Carribean Basin as a whole. Progressively a picture was thus put together of pioneer agro-ceramicist groups characterised by a high degree of organisation and by the spiritual concepts expressed in their artisanal production.
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Benoît Bérard. Les premières occupations agricoles de l'arc antillais, migration et insularité : Le cas de l'occupation saladoïde ancienne de la Martinique. Archaeopress, pp.214, 2004, British Archaeological Reports-International Series-Paris Monograph in American Archaeology, E. Taladoire, 1 84171 649 9. ⟨hal-00966882⟩

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