Differences of microparticle patterns between sickle cell anemia and hemoglobin SC patients

Abstract : Sickle cell anemia (SCA) and hemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease are the two most common forms of sickle cell disease (SCD), a frequent hemoglobinopathy which exhibits a highly variable clinical course. Although high levels of microparticles (MPs) have been consistently reported in SCA and evidence of their harmful impact on the SCA complication occurrences have been provided, no data on MP pattern in HbSC patients has been reported so far. In this study, we determined and compared the MP patterns of 84 HbSC and 96 SCA children, all at steady-state, using flow cytometry. Most of circulating MPs were derived from platelets (PLTs) and red blood cells (RBCs) in the two SCD syndromes. Moreover, we showed that HbSC patients exhibited lower blood concentration of total MPs compared to SCA patients, resulting mainly from a decrease of MP levels originated from RBCs and to a lesser extent from PLTs. We did not detect any association between blood MP concentrations and the occurrence of painful vaso-occlusive crises, acute chest syndrome and pulmonary hyper-tension in both patient groups. We also demonstrated for the first time, that whatever the considered genotype, RBC-derived MPs exhibited higher externalized phosphatidylserine level and were larger than PLT-derived MPs.
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Yohann Garnier, Séverine Ferdinand, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Gisèle Elana, Marie Petras, et al.. Differences of microparticle patterns between sickle cell anemia and hemoglobin SC patients. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (5), pp.e0177397. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0177397⟩. ⟨hal-01668322⟩

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