Which side of the balance determines the frequency of vaso-occlusive crises in children with sickle cell anemia: Blood viscosity or microvascular dysfunction?

Abstract : Vascular resistance and tissue perfusion may be both affected by impaired vascular function and increased blood viscosity. Little is known about the effects of vascular function on the occurrence of painful vaso-occlusive crises (VOC) in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). The aim of the present study was to determine which side of the balance (blood viscosity or vascular function) is the most deleterious in SCA and increases the risk for frequent hospitalized VOC. Microvascular function, microcirculatory oxygenation and blood viscosity were determined in a group of 22 SCA children/adolescents at steady state and a group of 13 healthy children/adolescents. Univariate analyses demonstrated blunted microvascular reactivity during local thermal heating test and decreased microcirculatory oxygenation in SCA children compared to controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that increased blood viscosity and decreased microcirculatory oxygenation were independent risk factors of frequent VOC in SCA. In contrast, the level of microvascular dysfunction does not predict VOC rate. In conclusion, increased blood viscosity is usually well supported in healthy individuals where vascular function is not impaired. However, in the context of SCA, microvascular function is impaired and any increase of blood viscosity or decrease in microcirculatory oxygenation would increase the risks for frequent VOC.
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Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, Elsevier, 2016, 56 (1), pp.41 - 45. 〈10.1016/j.bcmd.2015.10.005〉
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https://hal.univ-antilles.fr/hal-01668335
Contributeur : Marc Romana <>
Soumis le : mercredi 20 décembre 2017 - 01:15:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 mars 2018 - 17:52:01

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Keyne Charlot, Marc Romana, Berenike Moeckesch, Stéphane Jumet, Xavier Waltz, et al.. Which side of the balance determines the frequency of vaso-occlusive crises in children with sickle cell anemia: Blood viscosity or microvascular dysfunction?. Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, Elsevier, 2016, 56 (1), pp.41 - 45. 〈10.1016/j.bcmd.2015.10.005〉. 〈hal-01668335〉

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